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 (Image Courtesy: PIB)
 
The Difference is as stark as the contrast between the dim light and floodlight. While India’s G20 Presidency under Modi Government is set to become a household word in India, hardly anyone remembers or perhaps know that the country first got this honour in November 2001 under the Vajpayee Government. 
The 2002 presidency lacked lustre as the earlier regimes didn’t believe in making trumpeted events as the key driver of Vikas and national pride. 
A vital difference between two presidencies is that G20 used to be earlier chaired by the Finance Minister of Presiding nation and not by its Executive Head - a practice that started in 2008. 
The 2022 Presidency should, however, not hide the important agenda that India successfully articulated among the G20 nations under Vajpayee Government. More of this a bit later. 
The present Government wants to utilize G20 Presidency to showcase India to the world with support from the States and the public. Hence G20 Presidency is expected to be leveraged to whip up feel-good waves within the country. A peek of this innovative vision was given to Chief Ministers at a closed-door meeting of 7th Governing Council (GC) of NITI Aayog held on 7th August 2022.
As put by the minutes of the meeting, PM said that “all States must develop a mass movement around G20. Competition should be organized in every district to identify best cultural talents, where schools, colleges, and private professionals may participate.”
The minutes of the meeting quoted PM as saying “along with developing States’ websites in all UN languages, there should be a dedicated team for G20 in each State to derive the maximum possible benefit from this initiative.”
As recorded in the minutes, “The PM stated that we must use G20 as an opportunity to also emphasise cleanliness as well as waste-to-wealth and leverage the ‘gobardhan’ (cow dung as wealth) scheme.” 
Mr Modi said that G20 presidency “should be used as an opportunity to bring out that India is the ‘mother of democracy’.” He affirmed: “it is not enough to label it as the largest democracy or the oldest democracy.”
He added: “States must make efforts to identify the historical facts that will help in bringing out the roots of democracy in each State.”
According to minutes, Minister for External Affairs S. Jaishankar, made a presentation to GC on forthcoming G20 presidency. “He said that India’s presidency from December 2022 to November 2023 is a great responsibility and an opportunity for the country. He said that 40 countries will be participating in about 190 meetings during the period.”
The number of proposed meetings has been increased since then. An Official release dated 13th September 2022 says India is expected to host over 200 G20 meetings across the country, beginning December 2022. The G20 Leaders' Summit at the level of Heads of State is scheduled to be held on 09 and 10 September 2023 in New Delhi.
In February 2022, Union Cabinet approved the setting up of G20 Secretariat and its reporting structures. It will be responsible for implementation of overall policy decisions and arrangements needed for steering India’s Presidency.
Mr Jaishankar said that PM “has decided to conduct at least one meeting in each State and UT.” Noting that States would have to make arrangement for these meetings, Mr. Jaishankar stated: “It will be a great opportunity for the States to showcase their products and culture, as well as for building networks and brand building. He requested States to create a G-20 hub for coordination with the Centre.”  
Turn now to G20 presidency of blitzkrieg-bereft era. A G20 release dated 17th November 2021, stated: “Finance Ministers and Central bank Governors of the countries belonging to Group of 20 (G-20) have today chosen India’s Finance Minister Mr. Yashwant Sinha as the Group’s Chair for 2002.”
The release added: “With Minister Sinha’s assuming the Chair, it would be for the first time that the chairmanship of a prestigious international forum comprising both the developed and developing countries would be held by a developing country.” G20 ministerial meeting was, however, later chaired by Mr Sinha's successor, Jaswant Singh.
According to a G20 document, “Based on a consensus that emerged among G-20 deputies at their New Delhi meeting (15–17 July 2002), the following four themes were selected for discussion by G-20 finance ministers and central bank governors at their meeting on 23 November 2002 in New Delhi (India). These included: 1. Globalisation 2. Crisis Prevention and Resolution 3. Development and Aid 4. Combatting the Financing of Terror.”
In their 2002 New Delhi communiqué, G-20 ministers and governors “agreed that globalisation has been delivering rising living standards generally, including to many of the world’s poorest.”
                                     
 
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